Spanning two continents and sprawling over an astounding 17,075,400 kilometers, Russia is the largest
country in the world and a great power. But size is not the only thing that’s impressive about Russia. Swift economic recovery after the collapse of the Soviet Union and superior military capabilities are complemented by an enigmatic and fascinating culture
Russia is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states.It is also the leading nation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a
member of the G8 as well as other international organizations.
The capital of Russia is Moscow.Located on the Moskva River, Moscow is also the country’s principal political,economic,financial,educational,and transportation center. It is also the site of the famous Kremlin,which now serves as the ceremonial residence of the President of Russia.
Russia Capital: Moscow
Area: 17,098,242 sq. kms; the largest in the world
Population: 142,470,272 (10 st largest in the world
Major cities: Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Kazan, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Volgograd
Major rivers: In Asia, important rivers are the Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey, Angara, Lena, Amur, Yana, Indigirka, Kolyma Highest Point: Gora Elbrus (5,633 mts) – also highest in Europe Lowest Point: Caspian Sea (-28 mts)
Ethnicity: Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% (more than 190 ethnic groups – 2010 census).There are about 120 ethnic groups in Russia who speak more than a hundred languages. Roughly 80 percent of Russians trace their ancestry to the Slavs who settled in the country 1,500 years ago. Other major groups include Tatars, who came with the Mongol invaders, and Ukrainians
Animal – Russian bear
Symbol – Double-headed Eagle
Tree – Birch tree
Instrument – Balalaika
Coat of arms – A golden double-headed eagle on a red shield
Other symbols – Fur hats, Valenki (felt boots), Hammer and sickle (USSR), Mother Russia, Red star (USSR).
RUSSIA – THE BIGGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD: It borrows two thirds of Asia and third of Europe and so it is extended from the west to the east, that in its territory eleven time zones find room. When inhabitants of Saint Petersburg prepare to go to bed, miners and shepherds northern олений, living far in the east, already begin a working day new. On the most part of territory of Russia a climate cold with soft, but in the cool summer and frosty winters. In the far north where the most part of the ground is borrowed (occupied) with tundra, winter temperatures fall up to-90 F (-70æ.) To the south from tundra almost through all country the wide belt (zone) of coniferous woods lasts. Ural mountains divide Russia into two regions. To the west from Ural the European part of Russia concluding only a quarter of all territory but where lives the four fifth population of the country, is developed (unwrapped) the large-scale industry and the most fertile grounds lay. To the east from Ural Asia, Siberia, extensive wild edge (territory) which on the area is more than USA and the Western Europe, taken together was stretched. In a southern part of this region, near to Mongolia, the deepest is located in the world lake Baikal in which contains the one fifth fresh water of a planet. Siberia is rich minerals, in particular coal and petroleum. Chukotski peninsula in Eastern Siberia is considered the most east point of Asia that is only in 50 miles (82 kms) from Northern America. Till 1991 Russia was a part of larger country of Soviet Union which included 14 modern countries of the East Europe and the central part of Eurasia.
Religion: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule).
Major Languages: Russian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3%.
Land Boundaries: Azerbaijan 338 km, Belarus 1,312 km, China (southeast) 4,133 km, China (south) 46 km, Estonia 324 km, Finland 1,309 km, Georgia 894 km, Kazakhstan 7,644 km, North Korea 18 km, Latvia 332 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 261 km, Mongolia 3,452 km, Norway 191 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 209 km, Ukraine 1,944 km Coastline: 37,653 Kms.
Climate: The most part of territory of Russia lays in a moderate climatic belt(zone); islands of Arctic ocean and northern continental areas lay in the Arctic and subtropical belts(zones); the Black Sea coast of Caucasus is located in a subtropical belt(zone). A climate almost everywhere continental, with cold winter at a long snow cover and in the hot summer. The coldest place of northern hemisphere (with the minimal temperature-68С) – city of Oimyakon in Eastern Siberia. In the south of the Far East a climate moderately – monsoonal with average temperatures of January from 0 up to-5С. The greatest quantity(amount) of deposits drops out in mountains of Caucasus and Altai (up to 2000 mm per one year), the most droughty area – Prikaspijskaja lowland (about 150 mm of deposits per one year).
Terrain: broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions.
Natural Resources: major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber.
Major Industries: complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries (including radar, missile production, advanced electronic components), shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts Major Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures Major Imports: machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel
The biggest cities: Moscow (10,1 million), Saint Petersburg (4,67 million), Novosibirsk (1,43 million), Nizhniy Novgorod (1,36 million), Yekaterinburg (1,27 million), Samara (1,16 million), Omsk (1,15 million), Kazan (1,10 million), Ufa (1,09 million), Chelyabinsk (1,08 million), Rostov-na-Donau (1,01 million), Perm (1,00 million), Volgograd (993 400)
Official language: Russian. In Russia there are living about 160 nationalities or national groups. The biggest groups are Russians (116 million), Tatars (over 5 million), Ukrainians (about 4 million), Chuvashs (about 1,7 million), Bashkir (about 1,3 million), Chechens (about 1 million) and Armenians (about 1 million).
Russia is geographically the world’s biggest country. The country is divided in 12 time zones. Moscow time is -4h of Greenwich Time. The time in Arkhangelsk region is according to Moscow time.
Political system: Russia is a federal state, consisting of regions, autonomous areas, territories and republics.
Russians about Foreigners, Foreigners about Russians
If you don’t know something or are unsure about something, do not hesitate to ask! Besides, Russians themselves are talkative and like to ask from other people for example the right way. Or, stopping a stranger in the street for asking just time is also quite common.
It’s important not just for your studies, but also for your adaptation in Russia to learn Russian language. Nowadays there are English speakers all the time more and more, but in general young people are ready to use foreign language. So, get ready to handle all your things in Russian. Practically everything is in Russian, and information in English (or in other languages) is quite hard to find.But when Russians hear foreigners talking in Russian, they surely comment this in polite way and are impressed, if you can use their language – no matter what the level of your Russian knowledge is. And, naturally, it’s easier to create friendships when you have a common language. This example tells also about the politeness of the Russians. Besides, they are helpful and friendly, and this kind of notion one can make especially in Arkhangelsk, where the busy and hectic lifestyle of big metropolitans hasn’t affected to the people’s attitude towards other people. Unfortunately, racism is a problem in Russia, which causes everyday problems especially in the biggest Russian cities, and this should be taken into account when .traveling in e.g. St. Petersburg or Moscow.
ABOUT STUDY OF MEDICINE IN RUSSIA
Medical Study in Russia is very easy for a normal student because any student from all over the globe can take direct MBBS Admission without any entrance exam. MBBS fee in Russia is very low because the Russian Government provides subsidy for education. Average MBBS fee in Russia is between 2.5 Lacks to 5 Lacks per year. All Russian Medical Universities are listed in WHO and MCI so a student who gets an MBBS degree from Russia can practice anywhere in the world including India. Students from all over the globe go to Russia for MBBS Study and all medical universities provide quality medical education and practical knowledge. Students get fully furnished hostel facility inside the university campus with fresh and quality food. MBBS Students can get scholarship also if they fulfill the scholarship criteria. All MBBS students in Russia get Medical Insurance for all courses and get full medical treatment when they need. Students get training for MCI screening test during the medical course and professors are well aware about the MCI screening test. Medical courses are taught in English and Russian languages, MBBS students also get training to learn Russian Language because by learning Russian language a student can communicate with patients in the hospital during the time of medical practice.
The education system of Russia has made a mark in terms of infrastructure, technology and quality of education. At present, Russia is one of the top destinations for international students who want to pursue their higher studies in medical and science abroad. The medical universities of Russia are well recognized all over the world. Russia is one of the fastest growing nations in the world. The standard of the medical universities in Russia is very high with a very low cost of living.
The government of Russia is spending a lot of effort in the development of the universities to maintain the standards of its higher medical education system. Russia is proud to announce that out of 100 top ranking Medical Universities in the list of “Directory of World Medical Schools” of WHO, 30 universities are from Russia. The students who complete their MBBS from the medical universities of Russia are working in the leading Hospitals around the world.
All the medical universities of Russia are accredited by the world’s major organizations like WHO, UNESCO & Medical Councils of many countries like U.S.A, U.K, Middle East, Australia, India, Canada etc. The complete duration of MBBS in Russia is 6 years in English medium. But if a student wants to study in Russian medium, the duration of MBBS in Russia is 7 years which includes 1 year as Russian Language Training.
CLIMATE IN RUSSIA
Russia is such a vast country that it encompasses wide extremes ranging from Siberian frosts to the heat of the European south. With no discernible spring or autumn, Russia has a dry continental climate. Daytime summer temperatures over the nation may only vary from 20 to 30°C (68-86°F), in winter it is more like 10 to -50°C (51 to -58°F). Major towns like Moscow and St Petersburg share similar pleasant summer temperatures, both averaging around 24°C (75°F).
Note: Please be informed that the admission process has already started in most of the universities. From worldover, there is a large quantum of applicants and the seats are limited in all the universities, therefore, candidates will be absorbed on “first cum first basis”. At this juncture, we would suggest you to expedite to make up your mind for higher education in Russia.